The teeth and gums are also affected during pregnancy.
The hormonal and vascular changes that occur during pregnancy can lead to cavities, gingivitis, enamel erosion or tooth mobility. Prevent cavities and gingivitis is the top priority for a healthy mouth.
It is from the second or third month of pregnancy when these problems are accentuated and growing until the eighth month, being less severe in the ninth.
Known as gingivitis gravidarum or pregnancy and characterized by swelling, bleeding and redness of the gums caused by plaque or small clusters of irritants such as calculus is due to the special sensitivity that produces the increase of the hormone progesterone.
If your gums have a healthy pregnancy begins, there is less chance that you can develop these problems. Gingivitis in pregnancy usually affects the gums that have previously been ill. If you have thought about this, at increased risk of developing gingivitis gravidarum.
Nausea and vomiting during the first months of gestation produced enamel erosion 2% of women. Dry mouth (xerostomia physiological) and tooth mobility are other conditions that may arise.
Like the rest of gingivitis, in gingivitis gravidarum also runs the risk of bone and other tissues surrounding be permanently damaged if treatment is not performed.
Because of the large increase in estrogen and progesterone that occurs during pregnancy, can develop as many gum problems during this state. Due to the hypersensitivity of tissues, any irritant present cause a strong inflammatory reaction.
A professional can help you remove irritants, clean the surfaces of the roots of the teeth and ensure the effectiveness of daily oral hygiene brushing and interdental cleaning. Do not forget to review your dentist.
It would be useful additional treatment during the second or early third trimester of gestation.
When the gingival inflammation locate a nodule or enlarged gingiva is called epulis gravidarum or pregnancy tumor. The gravid cancerous tumor in no case nos. It is due to an extreme reaction gum in the presence of an irritant.
This tumor is not painful. It can be enlarged if the size becomes such that interferes with chewing or if excess food debris accumulates. Most of the gravídicos épulis yield to professional treatment to remove local irritants that produce them. Any superimposed treatment should be discussed with the dentist and the gynecologist.
Both gingivitis gravidarum as pregnancy tumor usually transfer at the end of pregnancy, but nevertheless not completely disappear spontaneously, so you need treatment.
Proper dental hygiene, a balanced diet and avoid snuff and control diabetes are essential for correct oral health and prevent dental problems themselves Main pregnancy.